Pre-collapse femoral head necrosis treated by hip abduction : a computational biomechanical analysis

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Author(s)

  • Shaochi Li
  • Guangquan Zhou
  • Wenjuan Zhang
  • Shengmei Wei
  • Jiajia He
  • Hang Wei

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Journal / PublicationHealth Information Science and Systems
Volume10
Online published14 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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Abstract

Background and objective: Clinical studies indicated that femoral head collapse (FHC) occurs in 90% of patients without intervention within five years after the diagnosis of femoral head necrosis (FHN). The management of the FHN is still a great challenging task. Clinical studies indicated that hip abduction as physical therapy represents an effective hip preservation method. However, the mechanism is unclear. In this study, we use computational biomechanical technology to investigate mechanical response in FHN patients with hip abduction and establish guide protocols for FHN rehabilitation. 
Materials and methods: Thirty computational models were constructed for evaluating the safety of hip abduction and comparing the biomechanical performance of hip abduction for the treatment of different necrotic classifications. The distribution of principal compressive stress (PCS) and load share ratio (LSR) were computed and used for biomechanical evaluation. 
Results: Before the start of physical therapy, when the size of necrotic segment is increased and located more laterally, the damage area of PCS enlarged and LSR of subchondral cortical to trabecular bone increased. As the increase of hip abduction angle, PCS of Type B transformed into Type A, PCS of Type C1 transformed into Type B, PCS of Type C2 transformed into Type C1; Except Type C2, the LSR return to normal level. 
Discussion and conclusion: Stress transfer damaged pattern correlated significantly with necrotic classification. Hip abduction motions effectively enlarge the area of PCS and recover the LSR of different structures by altering motion posture during gait. The results indicated that hip abduction may be an effective physical therapy in improving hip function and interrupt the disease pathway of FHC and THA.

Research Area(s)

  • Hip abduction, Stress transfer pattern, Load share ratio, Computational biomechanics, Parametric analysis, Computational models, HUMAN PROXIMAL FEMUR, CORE DECOMPRESSION, AVASCULAR NECROSIS, PHYSICAL-THERAPY, EXERCISE THERAPY, OSTEONECROSIS, OSTEOARTHRITIS

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