Precipitation behavior and its effects on tensile properties of FeCoNiCr high-entropy alloys

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • J. Y. He
  • H. Wang
  • Y. Wu
  • X. J. Liu
  • H. H. Mao
  • Z. P. Lu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Journal / PublicationIntermetallics
Volume79
Online published24 Sep 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In this work, we present a systematic study on the precipitation behavior and mechanical properties of a FeCoNiCr-based high-entropy alloy alloyed with dilute amounts of Ti and Al, (FeCoNiCr)100-x-yTixAly (where x = 1–3, y = 4–9 at.%). It was found that, upon aging, nano-sized L12-Ni3(Ti, Al) particles are formed within grains, whilst L21-(Ni, Co)2TiAl Heusler particles are formed mainly along grain boundaries. The relative thermal stability of the two phases were studied at different aging temperatures (700–900 °C) with various durations of time (up to 48 h) and the results were directly compared with Thermo-calc calculations. Tensile tests were also conducted on alloys aged under different conditions. The measured properties, including strength and ductility, were correlated with the microstructure of aged (FeCoNiCr)100-x-yTixAly alloys, with particular attention on the distribution and morphology of the two kinds of precipitate. Whereas both phases could contribute to the strengthening of the alloys via either Orowan bowing or particle shearing mechanism, the brittle (Ni, Co)2TiAl Heusler phase was found to mainly affect the tensile plasticity. A simple composite model was proposed to describe the plastic strain of alloys. Based on observed microstructure and its corresponding mechanical performance, the alloy with the composition of (FeCoNiCr)94Ti2Al4, when aged between 700 and 800 °C, gives the best balanced strength/ductility properties.

Research Area(s)

  • High-entropy alloys, Precipitation hardening, Strengthening mechanisms, Tensile behavior, Thermodynamic stability

Citation Format(s)

Precipitation behavior and its effects on tensile properties of FeCoNiCr high-entropy alloys. / He, J. Y.; Wang, H.; Wu, Y.; Liu, X. J.; Mao, H. H.; Nieh, T. G.; Lu, Z. P.

In: Intermetallics, Vol. 79, 12.2016, p. 41-52.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review