Possible gas-phase reactions of H2CH4/ tetramethylsilane in diamond/β-SiC nanocomposite film deposition : An ab-initio study

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3554-3559
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2007


The Si-C bond breakings in tetramethylsilane (TMS) when interacting with H/H2 and the successive H abstractions from SiH4/CH 4 in the gas mixture of H2/CH4/TMS were studied at the CCSD(T)/6-311+G**// MP2/6-31+G** level of theory. Their rate constants between 1500 and 2500 K were estimated using a conventional transition state theory. The results indicate that (i) it is mainly the H radical that causes the Si-C bond breaking in TMS, and (ii) the successive H abstractions from SiH4 are much easier and faster than those from CH4. At low temperatures the differences of rate constants among the four types of the reactions are large, but generally reduced at high temperatures. The reaction rates show no selectivity over the pressure as verified at P = 0.00025, 0.025, 1, and 100 atm, respectively. Our results could provide the following microscopic level understanding of reactions in the synthesis of diamond/β-SiC nanocomposite films. Although the Si content is smaller than that of C in the precursor gases, the gas mixture activated by microwave plasma technique could provide Si sources with a higher rate. The produced Si sources with excellent rigidity in sp3 hybridization competitively occupy the space on the substrate together with C sources, resulting in the deposition of diamond/β-SiC nanocomposite films. © 2007 American Chemical Society.

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