Porphyrin Grafting on a Mercapto-Equipped Zr(IV)-Carboxylate Framework Enhances Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12643–12649
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Issue number17
Online published19 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2020


We employ facile aromatic nucleophilic substitution between the mercapto (-SH) and arylfluoro (Ar-F) groups to achieve extensive and robust cross-linking of a coordination host by porphyrin guests that also serve the purpose of versatile postsynthetic functionalization. For this, a tritopic linker with three trident-like thiol-flanked carboxyl units are reacted with ZrOCl2·8H2O to afford a two-dimensional (3,6-connected) net. The wide aperture of the porous framework solid, together with its stability in both air and boiling water, facilitates the entry of bulky metalloporphyrin guests and the subsequent property studies. On the porphyrin side, four pentafluorophenyl (C6F5-) groups offer multiple fluoro groups to facilitate their replacement by the thiol groups from the host net. The inserted metalloporphyrin bridges impart to the metal-organic framework (MOF) host stable and recyclable activities for photocatalytic hydrogen production. We also disclose an improvement in synthetic methodology, in which BBr3 is used to simultaneously cleave the ester and benzyl thioether groups to more efficiently access thiol-equipped carboxylic acid building block.