Porous and Intercrossed PbI2-CsI Nanorod Scaffold for Inverted Planar FA-Cs Mixed-Cation Perovskite Solar Cells

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

29 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6126–6135
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number6
Online published22 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2019


Depth-dependent growth of perovskite crystals remains challenging for high-performance perovskite solar cells made by a two-step spin-coating method. Effective morphology engineering approaches that enable depth-independent perovskite crystals growth and facile characterization technique to monitor subtle yet influential accompanying changes are urgently required. Here, a porous and intercrossed PbI2–(CsI)0.15 nanorods scaffold is prepared by integrating CsI incorporation with toluene dripping in ambient air, and the underlying mechanism is uncovered. With this porous scaffold and moisture-assisted thermal annealing, depth-independent growth of FA0.85Cs0.15PbI3 is achieved, as evidenced in the photoluminescent (PL) spectra acquired by exciting the perovskite film from the top and bottom individually. It is of broad interest that PL spectroscopy is demonstrated as a sensitive technique to monitor the depth-dependent growth of perovskite. Moreover, the resulting inverted planar FA0.85Cs0.15PbI3 perovskite solar cells deliver an efficiency of 16.85%, along with superior thermal and photostability. By incorporating 2% large-sized diammonium cation, propane-1,3-diammonium, the efficiency is further increased to 17.74%. Our work not only proposes a unique porous PbI2–(CsI)0.15 nanorods scaffold to achieve high-quality perovskite films in a two-step method but also highlights the distinctive advantage of PL spectroscopy in monitoring the depth-dependent quality of perovskite films.

Research Area(s)

  • inverted planar perovskite solar cells, morphology engineering, nanorod, photoluminescence spectroscopy, two-step spin-coating method

Citation Format(s)