Poling efficiency enhancement of tethered binary nonlinear optical chromophores for achieving an ultrahigh n3r33 figure-of-merit of 2601 pm V-1

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ming Li
  • Su Huang
  • Xing-Hua Zhou
  • Yue Zang
  • Jieyun Wu
  • Zhanchen Cui

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6737-6744
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume3
Issue number26
Online published20 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A new design of tethered binary chromophores has been studied for nonlinear optics. In this work, a push-pull tetraene structure with a strong dialkylaminophenyl donor and a CF3-TCF acceptor is used as the primary chromophore due to its large hyperpolarizability, and a short cyanoacetate dye with a smaller dipole moment and a very different molecular aspect ratio is used as a secondary dipolar structure for dipole engineering. We found that such binary chromophore systems (exemplified as chromophore C1) exhibited significantly improved poling efficiency and thermal stability in poled films of guest-host polymers and monolithic glass. A systematic study of materials' physical properties, including analyses of poling-induced order thermally stimulated depolarization and comparison with simple dipolar polyenes, correlates the improved EO performance of poled films containing C1 well with its tethered binary structure. It provides an effective electrostatic screening mechanism for excellent solution processibility of materials, and a cooperative enhancement for higher polar order of poled thin films under the force of the applied poling field. An ultrahigh r33 value of 273 pm V-1 and a high refractive index of 2.12 at the wavelength of 1300 nm have been achieved for monolithic glass of C1, which represents a record-high n3r33 figure-of-merit of 2601 pm V-1 with good temporal stability. This exceptional result is a great demonstration of the advantages offered by dynamically assisted dipolar polarization enhancement of tethered binary chromophores, for significantly improving the poling efficiency and thermal stability of organic EO materials for efficient optical modulation.

Citation Format(s)

Poling efficiency enhancement of tethered binary nonlinear optical chromophores for achieving an ultrahigh n3r33 figure-of-merit of 2601 pm V-1. / Li, Ming; Huang, Su; Zhou, Xing-Hua; Zang, Yue; Wu, Jieyun; Cui, Zhanchen; Luo, Jingdong; Jen, Alex K.-Y.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 3, No. 26, 14.07.2015, p. 6737-6744.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review