Policy strategies to deal with revaluation pressures on the renminbi

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-117
Journal / PublicationChina Economic Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


Based on a simple theoretical exchange rate model, this paper shows how persistent balance of payments surpluses build up appreciation pressure on a fixed exchange regime in a partially open economy such as China. A deregulated market interest rate may work as an automatic stabilizer to release some of the appreciation pressures, but it cannot fully eliminate the appreciation pressure because of the zero interest rate floor. Strategic options for the government include: Improving the quality of domestic assets by reducing the non-performing loans of the banking sector, so that the substitutability of domestic and foreign assets will rise and the exchange rate will be stabilized. Secondly, more foreign currency loans may be issued through the state-owned banking sector to promote economic growth and increase income while at the same time reducing the level of foreign reserves. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • China, Exchange rate model, Government intervention, Revaluation pressure