PM, NO x and butane emissions from on-road vehicle fleets in Hong Kong and their implications on emission control policy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

37 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-274
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume61
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Abstract

Vehicular emissions are the major sources of air pollution in urban areas. For metropolitan cities with large population working and living in environments with direct traffic impact, emission control is of great significance to protect public health. Implementation of more stringent emission standards, retrofitting fleet with emission control devices and switching to clearer fuel has been commonly practiced in different cities including Hong Kong. The present study employed a new plume chasing method for effective and quick evaluation of on-road fleet emission factors of particulate matter (PM), nitrogen oxides (NO x), and butane from heavy duty diesel trucks, diesel buses and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) vehicles. The results showed distinct profiles of the emissions from different fleets with excessive butane emissions from LPG fleet and contrasting PM and NO x emissions from diesel trucks and buses fleets. A cross comparison was also made with emission data from other cities and from historic local studies. The implications of the observed difference on the effectiveness of emission control measures and policy are discussed with recommendations of direction for future research and policy making. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Butane, Nitrogen oxides (NO x), On-road vehicle emissions, Particulate matter (PM), Plume chasing