Photofunctional Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Polypyridine Complexes Bearing a Perfluorobiphenyl Moiety for Bioconjugation, Bioimaging, and Phototherapeutic Applications

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14796-14806
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Volume59
Issue number20
Online published30 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2020

Abstract

In this article, we report the design, synthesis, and characterization of a series of cyclometalated iridium(III) polypyridine complexes containing a perfluorobiphenyl (PFBP) moiety [Ir(N^C)2(bpy-PFBP)](PF6) (bpy-PFBP = 4-(S-(perfluoro-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4-yl)-N-mercaptoethylaminocarbonyloxymethyl)-4′-methyl-2,2′-bipyridine; HN^C = 2-phenylpyridine (Hppy) (1a), 2-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)pyridine (Hppy-CH2OH) (2a), 2-((1,1′-biphenyl)-4-yl)pyridine (Hpppy) (3a), 2-((4′-hydroxymethyl-1,1′-biphenyl)-4-yl)pyridine (Hpppy-CH2OH) (4a), 2-phenylquinoline (Hpq) (5a), 2-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)quinoline (Hpq-CH2OH) (6a)). Their PFBP-free counterparts [Ir(N^C)2(bpy-C4)](PF6) (bpy-C4 = 4-(N-n-butylaminocarbonyloxymethyl)-4′-methyl-2,2′-bipyridine; HN^C = Hppy (1b), Hppy-CH2OH (2b), Hpppy (3b), Hpppy-CH2OH (4b), Hpq (5b), Hpq-CH2OH (6b)) were also prepared for comparison studies. Upon irradiation, all the complexes displayed intense and long-lived greenish-yellow to orange luminescence in solutions under ambient conditions and in low-temperature alcohol glass. Reactions of the PFBP complexes with peptides containing the FCPF sequence via the π-clamp-mediated cysteine conjugation afforded luminescent peptide conjugates that exhibited rich photophysical properties. Using complex 3a as an example, we demonstrated that the conjugation of complexes to organelle-targeting peptides is an effective means to modulate their intracellular localization behavior, which was further shown to be important to their performance in photodynamic therapy. The results of this work will contribute to the development of photofunctional transition metal complexes as theranostic agents.

Citation Format(s)

Photofunctional Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Polypyridine Complexes Bearing a Perfluorobiphenyl Moiety for Bioconjugation, Bioimaging, and Phototherapeutic Applications. / Lee, Lawrence Cho-Cheung; Tsang, Ada Wun-Yu; Liu, Hua-Wei; Lo, Kenneth Kam-Wing.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 59, No. 20, 19.10.2020, p. 14796-14806.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review