Photocurrent enhancement of HgTe quantum dot photodiodes by plasmonic gold nanorod structures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Mengyu Chen
  • Lei Shao
  • Stephen V. Kershaw
  • Hui Yu
  • Jianfang Wang
  • Ni Zhao

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8208-8216
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Volume8
Issue number8
Online published23 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2014

Abstract

The near-field effects of noble metal nanoparticles can be utilized to enhance the performance of inorganic/organic photosensing devices, such as solar cells and photodetectors. In this work, we developed a well-controlled fabrication strategy to incorporate Au nanostructures into HgTe quantum dot (QD)/ZnO heterojunction photodiode photodetectors. Through an electrostatic immobilization and dry transfer protocol, a layer of Au nanorods with uniform distribution and controllable density is embedded at different depths in the ZnO layer for systematic comparison. More than 80 and 240% increments of average short-circuit current density (Jsc) are observed in the devices with Au nanorods covered by ∼7.5 and ∼4.5 nm ZnO layers, respectively. A periodic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation model is developed to analyze the depth-dependent property and confirm the mechanism of plasmon-enhanced light absorption in the QD layer. The wavelength-dependent external quantum efficiency spectra suggest that the exciton dissociation and charge extraction efficiencies are also enhanced by the Au nanorods, likely due to local electric field effects. The photodetection performance of the photodiodes is characterized, and the results show that the plasmonic structure improves the overall infrared detectivity of the HgTe QD photodetectors without affecting their temporal response. Our fabrication strategy and theoretical and experimental findings provide useful insight into the applications of metal nanostructures to enhance the performance of organic/inorganic hybrid optoelectronic devices. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Research Area(s)

  • exciton, heterojunction, quantum dot, surface plasmon

Citation Format(s)

Photocurrent enhancement of HgTe quantum dot photodiodes by plasmonic gold nanorod structures. / Chen, Mengyu; Shao, Lei; Kershaw, Stephen V. et al.
In: ACS Nano, Vol. 8, No. 8, 26.08.2014, p. 8208-8216.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review