Perovskite Nanocrystals with Tunable Fluorescent Intensity during Anion Exchange for Dynamic Optical Encryption

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47072-47080
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number39
Online published28 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


Perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) have demonstrated their potential use in many applications such as optical encryption because of their excellent optical properties. However, the optical encryption using PNCs is mainly based on the formation of static patterns with luminescence on/off switching. In this work, we demonstrated that the capping ligands play an important role in tuning the luminescence intensity of the PNCs during ion exchange. The surfactant, oleylamine (OAm), is essential in shifting the luminescence color of the PNCs from green to yellow during the ion exchange. In the absence of OAm, the luminescence in the green and yellow regions is quenched during the ion exchange and the luminescence is recovered in the red region by adding trioctylphosphine (TOP) into the ion-exchange solution. On the basis of these findings, we proposed a dynamic optical encryption strategy using PNCs with different capping ligands by tuning the luminescence intensity. The encoded message is hidden in the green pattern at the beginning, shown during the ion exchange, and erased when the pattern is completely converted from a green color to a red color after the ion exchange ends. This dynamic encryption strategy enhances the security level and is compatible with human eye-perceivable patterns and binary coding algorithms. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

Research Area(s)

  • capping ligands, dynamic encryption, ion exchange, nanocrystals, perovskite