Performance optimization and comparison towards compact and efficient absorption refrigeration system with conventional and emerging absorbers/desorbers

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number120669
Journal / PublicationEnergy
Volume229
Online published28 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2021

Abstract

Absorption refrigeration system (ARS) is significant for renewable/waste energy utilization to mitigate global warming. To select the best-performing ARS, four systems, namely falling-film horizontal tube ARS, falling-film vertical tube ARS, plate heat exchanger ARS, and microchannel membrane-based ARS, are compared systematically. System models have been established with validated accuracies to evaluate the coefficient of performance (COP) and volumetric cooling effect (qv). The results show that under a design driving power of 0.5 kW, the COP increases with the tube outer diameter/length in falling-film ARS and channel width in plate heat exchanger ARS and microchannel membrane-based ARS. qv decreases with tube outer diameter/length in falling-film ARS and channel width/height in plate heat exchanger ARS and microchannel membrane-based ARS. With geometry optimization, microchannel membrane-based ARS provides the highest COP of 0.855 with qv = 385 kW/m3, followed by plate heat exchanger ARS of 0.846, falling-film horizontal tube ARS of 0.832, and falling-film vertical tube ARS of 0.801. Meanwhile, microchannel membrane-based ARS also produces the maximum qv of 1147 kW/m3 with COP = 0.840, followed by plate heat exchanger ARS of 714 kW/m3, falling-film horizontal tube ARS of 391 kW/m3, and falling-film vertical tube ARS of 197 kW/m3. Thus, microchannel membrane-based ARS is advantageous in both efficiency and compactness among four ARSs. This work aims to facilitate absorbers/desorbers structure design towards compact and efficient ARS.

Research Area(s)

  • Coefficient of performance, Compact absorption refrigeration system, Low-grade energy, Solar cooling, Thermal energy utilization, Volumetric cooling effect