Perfluoroalkyl acids in the egg yolk of birds from Lake Shihwa, Korea

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hoon Yoo
  • Kurunthachalam Kannan
  • Kyu Kim Seong
  • Tae Lee Kyu
  • John L. Newsted
  • And 1 others
  • John P. Giesy

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5821-5827
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume42
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008

Abstract

Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAs) were measured in egg yolks of three species of birds, the little egret (Egretta garzetta), little ringed plover (Charadrius dubius), and parrot bill (Paradoxornis webbiana), collected in and around Lake Shihwa, Korea, which receives wastewaters from an adjacent industrial complex. Mean concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) ranged from 185 to 314 ng/g ww and were similar to those reported for bird eggs from other urban areas. Long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) were also found in egg yolks often at great concentrations. Mean concentrations of perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA) ranged from 95 to 201 ng/g ww. Perfluorooctanoic acid was detected in 32 of 44 egg samples, but concentrations were 100-fold less than those of PFOS. Relative concentrations of PFAs in all three species were similar with the predominance of PFOS (45-50%). There was a statistically significant correlation between PFUnA and perfluorodecanoic acid in egg yolks (p <0.05), suggesting a common source of PFCAs. Using measured egg concentrations and diet concentrations, the ecological risk of the PFOS and PFA mixture to birds in Lake Shihwa was evaluated using two different approaches. Estimated hazard quotients were similar between the two approaches. The concentration of PFOS associated with 90th centile in bird eggs was 100-fold less than the lowest observable adverse effect level determined for birds, and those concentrations were 4-fold less than the suggested toxicity reference values. On the basis of limited toxicological data, current concentrations of PFOS are less than what would be expected to have an adverse effect on birds in the Lake Shihwa region. © 2008 American Chemical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Perfluoroalkyl acids in the egg yolk of birds from Lake Shihwa, Korea. / Yoo, Hoon; Kannan, Kurunthachalam; Seong, Kyu Kim; Kyu, Tae Lee; Newsted, John L.; Giesy, John P.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 42, No. 15, 01.08.2008, p. 5821-5827.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review