Pedestrian level wind environment assessment around group of high-rise cross-shaped buildings : Effect of building shape, separation and orientation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-63
Journal / PublicationBuilding and Environment
Online published24 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2016


Blockage of air circulation caused by the mutual sheltering effect of high-rise buildings in built-up areas in dense cities causes various health- and comfort-related problems. The combined effect of neighborhood geometry (e.g., re-entrant corners, wind incident angle, passage angle, and building separation) on wind flow at the pedestrian level is an active field of research. This study investigates the influence of the wind incident angle and passage width on the wind flow characteristics at the re-entrant corners of cross-shaped high-rise buildings. This study also examines the influence of stagnant zones and wake regions on ventilation potential and wind comfort around the case study arrangements at various wind incident directions. An investigation was performed from 16 wind directions using the standard k-ε turbulence model with revised closure coefficients. A wind tunnel experiment was conducted to validate the results, which revealed that wind circulation at re-entrant corners was substantially affected by the building orientations and separation. The wind catchment effect within the re-entrant corners and the sheltering effect of buildings at various wind incident directions and building separations are also discussed. Unstable vortices were formed in oblique wind directions; these vortices facilitate contaminant dispersion and wind comfort at re-entrant corners and near buildings.

Research Area(s)

  • CFD, Closure coefficients, High-rise building, Re-entrant corner, Wind incident angle

Citation Format(s)