Particle-swarm-optimization-based multiuser detector for CDMA communications

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3006-3013
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007


In a code-division multiple-access system, multiuser detection (MUD) can exploit the information of signals from other interfering users to increase system capacity. However, the optimum MUD can be characterized as an NP-hard combinatorial optimization problem such that the computational complexity increases exponentially with the number of users. In this paper, we apply a new evolutionary algorithm, called particle swarm optimization (PSO), to develop a suboptimal MUD strategy. The decorrelating detector (DD) or linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) detector is used as the first stage to initialize the PSO-based MUD. Then, the PSO algorithm is applied to detect the received data bit by optimizing an objective function incorporating the linear system of the DD or LMMSE detector. Simulation results show that the performance of our proposed decorrelating PSO and LMMSE-PSO MUD are promising and outperform the decorrelating and LMMSE MUD with a slight increase in computation. © 2007 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Code-division multiple access (CDMA), Multiuser detector (MUD), Particle swarm optimization (PSO)