Particle and carbon dioxide emissions from passenger vehicles operating on unleaded petrol and LPG fuel

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Z. D. Ristovski
  • E. R. Jayaratne
  • L. Morawska
  • G. A. Ayoko
  • M. Lim

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
Journal / PublicationScience of the Total Environment
Volume345
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A comprehensive study of the particle and carbon dioxide emissions from a fleet of six dedicated liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) powered and five unleaded petrol (ULP) powered new Ford Falcon Forte passenger vehicles was carried out on a chassis dynamometer at four different vehicle speeds-0 (idle), 40, 60, 80 and 100 km h-1. Emission factors and their relative values between the two fuel types together with a statistical significance for any difference were estimated for each parameter. In general, LPG was found to be a 'cleaner' fuel, although in most cases, the differences were not statistically significant owing to the large variations between emissions from different vehicles. The particle number emission factors ranged from 1011 to 1013 km -1 and was over 70% less with LPG compared to ULP. Corresponding differences in particle mass emission factor between the two fuels were small and ranged from the order of 10 μg km-1 at 40 to about 1000 μg km-1 at 100 km h-1. The count median particle diameter (CMD) ranged from 20 to 35 nm and was larger with LPG than with ULP in all modes except the idle mode. Carbon dioxide emission factors ranged from about 300 to 400 g km-1 at 40 km h-1, falling with increasing speed to about 200 g km-1 at 100 km h-1. At all speeds, the values were 10% to 18% greater with ULP than with LPG. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Emission factor, Environmental pollution, Gaseous emission, Liquefied petroleum gas, Particle emission

Citation Format(s)

Particle and carbon dioxide emissions from passenger vehicles operating on unleaded petrol and LPG fuel. / Ristovski, Z. D.; Jayaratne, E. R.; Morawska, L.; Ayoko, G. A.; Lim, M.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 345, No. 1-3, 01.06.2005, p. 93-98.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review