Parental behavioral control in academic and non-academic domains : A three-year longitudinal study in the Chinese culture

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-537
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


For over three consecutive years, 2,559 Chinese adolescents (mean age=12.65 years at Wave 1) responded to instruments assessing their perceived parental behavioral control based on measures of parental knowledge, expectation, monitoring, and discipline. The results show that compared with parental control in the academic domain, parental control in the non-academic domain (peer relations domain) was relatively weaker, using parental knowledge, parental expectation, parental monitoring, and parental discipline as indicators, and a decline in parental behavioral control occurred over time. Although domain (academic domain versus non-academic domain) X time (Time 1, Time 2 versus Time 3) interaction effects were found, the findings mirrored the main effects of domain and time. Parental education and economic sufficiency were linearly related to differences in parental behavioral control in the academic domain and non-academic domain. The present findings suggest that traditional Chinese cultural emphasis on academic excellence still prevails in the contemporary Chinese culture. ©Freund Publishing House Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Academic excellence, Chinese adolescents, Parental behavioral control