Oxidised cholesterol is more hypercholesterolaemic and atherogenic than non-oxidised cholesterol in hamsters

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Chi Ho Ng
  • Xiao Qiang Yao
  • Yu Huang
  • Zhen-Yu Chen

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-755
Journal / PublicationBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume99
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The present study was to test the relative hypercholesterolaemic and atherogenic potency of oxidised cholesterol (OxC) and non-oxidised cholesterol in hamsters. An OxC mixture, prepared by heating pure cholesterol (100 g) at 160°C in air for 72 h, contained 78% cholesterol and 22% OxC. Fifty Golden Syrian hamsters were randomly divided into five groups of ten animals and fed the control diet, a 0.05% cholesterol diet (C-0.05), a 0.10% cholesterol diet (C-0.1), a 0.05% OxC mixture diet (OxC-0.05) or a 0.10 % OxC mixture diet (OxC-0.1), respectively. The OxC-0.05 and OxC-0.1 groups were more hypercholesterolaemic and had serum total cholesterol 22 and 12% higher than the corresponding C-0.05 and C-0.1 hamsters (P<0.05). The OxC-0.1 group demonstrated greater deposition of cholesterol and had a larger area of atherosclerotic plaque in the aorta than the corresponding C-0.1 hamsters (P<0.05). Similarly, the aorta in the OxC-0.1 group showed greater inhibition on acetylcholine-induced relaxation compared with that in the C-0.1 hamsters. It was concluded that OxC was much more hypercholesterolaemic and atherogenic than cholesterol. © 2007 The Authors.

Research Area(s)

  • Cholesterol oxidation products, Oxidised cholesterol, Oxysterol

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