Overcoming the Photovoltage Plateau in Large Bandgap Perovskite Photovoltaics

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

20 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Adharsh Rajagopal
  • Ryan J. Stoddard
  • Sae Byeok Jo
  • Hugh W. Hillhouse
  • Alex K.-Y. Jen

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3985-3993
Journal / PublicationNano Letters
Volume18
Issue number6
Early online date7 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2018

Abstract

Development of large bandgap (1.80-1.85 eV Eg) perovskite is crucial for perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells. However, the performance of 1.80-1.85 eV Eg perovskite solar cells (PVKSCs) are significantly lagging their counterparts in the 1.60-1.75 eV Eg range. This is because the photovoltage (Voc) does not proportionally increase with Eg due to lower optoelectronic quality of conventional (MA,FA,Cs)Pb(I,Br)3 and results in a photovoltage plateau (Voc limited to 80% of the theoretical limit for ∼1.8 eV Eg). Here, we incorporate phenylethylammonium (PEA) in a mixed-halide perovskite composition to solve the inherent material-level challenges in 1.80-1.85 eV Eg perovskites. The amount of PEA incorporation governs the topography and optoelectronic properties of resultant films. Detailed structural and spectroscopic characterization reveal the characteristic trends in crystalline size, orientation, and charge carrier recombination dynamics and rationalize the origin of improved material quality with higher luminescence. With careful interface optimization, the improved material characteristics were translated to devices and Voc values of 1.30-1.35 V were achieved, which correspond to 85-87% of the theoretical limit. Using an optimal amount of PEA incorporation to balance the increase in Voc and the decrease in charge collection, a highest power conversion efficiency of 12.2% was realized. Our results clearly overcome the photovoltage plateau in the 1.80-1.85 eV Eg range and represent the highest Voc achieved for mixed-halide PVKSCs. This study provides widely translatable insights, an important breakthrough, and a promising platform for next-generation perovskite tandems.

Research Area(s)

  • 2D-3D perovskite, charge recombination dynamics, mixed-halide phase segregation, open-circuit voltage bottleneck, optoelectronic quality, Tandem solar cell

Citation Format(s)

Overcoming the Photovoltage Plateau in Large Bandgap Perovskite Photovoltaics. / Rajagopal, Adharsh; Stoddard, Ryan J.; Jo, Sae Byeok; Hillhouse, Hugh W.; Jen, Alex K.-Y.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 18, No. 6, 13.06.2018, p. 3985-3993.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review