Outdoor thermal environments and related planning factors for subtropical urban parks

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

15 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Jian Zhang
  • Zhonghua Gou
  • Yi Lu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-374
Journal / PublicationIndoor and Built Environment
Volume30
Issue number3
Online published3 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Abstract

Tropical or subtropical climates result in considerable heat stress in outdoor environments, which handicaps social activities in public spaces such as urban parks. This study aims to find out the effects of park planning factors on thermal environments. The research measured 18 urban parks around the city of Gold Coast in Australia from January to March 2018 which is the summer time of the Southern Hemisphere. Climate data were collected for each park, based on which park cooling intensity, mean radiant temperature and physiological equivalent temperature were calculated as thermal environment indicators. Meanwhile, park planning factors such as park tree coverage, park size and distance to major water bodies (the sea) were selected for multiple linear regressions with the thermal indicators. Our findings have confirmed that the park planning factors had significant effects on the thermal indicators. The effect of park tree coverage was most significant. This study provides important evidence and guidance for urban planning to create better outdoor thermal environments in parks to facilitate social activities.

Research Area(s)

  • Outdoor thermal environment, Urban parks, Subtropical climate, Tree coverage, Coastal city, Urban planning, MEAN RADIANT TEMPERATURE, COOL-ISLAND INTENSITY, HEAT-ISLAND, COMFORT, CLIMATE, PET, IMPACTS, SPACES, MODEL, TREE

Citation Format(s)

Outdoor thermal environments and related planning factors for subtropical urban parks. / Zhang, Jian; Gou, Zhonghua; Lu, Yi.
In: Indoor and Built Environment, Vol. 30, No. 3, 03.2021, p. 363-374.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review