Optimizing Black Phosphorus/Halide Perovskite Compositions by Scanning Photoelectrochemical Microscopy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Jiahong Wang
  • Minshu Du
  • Fang-Fang Li
  • Hsin-Hui Shen
  • Shella Permatasari Santoso
  • Edward T. Yu
  • Xuefeng Yu


Original languageEnglish
Article number096510
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number9
Online published7 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022


The incorporation of black phosphorus (BP) into methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskites has been investigated and optimized by a high throughput screening method using scanning photoelectrochemical microscopy (SPECM) to determine how the addition of BP affects its photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic properties. An optimum ratio of 2.0 mole% BP/MAPbI3 perovskite composite generates an increased photocurrent response compared to pristine MAPbI3 for 2 mM benzoquinone (BQ) reduction at −0.6 V vs Ag/AgNO3 on a spot array electrode under illumination. Due to the relatively high quantum yield of MAPbI3, time-resolved photoluminescence measurements have been conducted to investigate photophysical behaviors of BP/MAPbI3 composites. The optimal 2.0 mole% BP/MAPbI3 exhibits an increased electron-hole diffusion lifetime compared to the pristine MAPbI3 perovskite. Finally, we demonstrate the enhanced efficiency and stability of 2.0% BP/MAPbI3-based perovskite solar cells arising from impeded Pb0-defect generation and suppressed charge-carrier recombination.

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