Optimized Hybrid PWM Scheme for Mitigating Zero-Crossing Distortion in Totem-Pole Bridgeless PFC

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume34
Issue number1
Online published28 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Abstract

Totem-pole bridgeless power factor corrector (PFC) has been widely used in high-power AC-DC power conversion for its low component count and high energy efficiency. Its active bridge is configured to operate the power circuit as a synchronous boost converter over the line cycles. However, due to some intrinsic and extrinsic factors, input current distortion near the zero-crossings is unavoidable. A hybrid pulsewidth modulation (h-PWM) scheme for mitigating such zero-crossing distortion is proposed. The concept is based on changing the PWM modulation schemes dynamically around the zero-crossings, so that the line current can still be profiled with a switching scheme that does not require tracking the polarity of grid voltage accurately. A generalized model for describing the variation of the inductor current, which is also the input current, from its average value in a switching cycle is formulated and is used to derive the optimal alignment of the PWM pulses for giving the smallest transient variation upon changing the modulation scheme. Results indicate that the voltage pulses generated by the active bridge are preferably to be symmetrical and center-aligned in a switching period. A 1kW, 85-265Vac/400Vdc, 47-63Hz, SiC-based prototype has been built and evaluated.

Research Area(s)

  • AC-DC power conversion, AC-DC power converters, Bridge circuits, Distortion, Inductors, power factor correction, Pulse width modulation, pulsewidth modulation, Single-phase rectifier, Switches, totem-pole PFC