Optimal zoning for building zonal model of large-scale indoor space

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number109669
Journal / PublicationBuilding and Environment
Volume225
Online published6 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Abstract

Zonal model is a powerful numerical modeling approach that can quickly simulate thermal parameter distribution by dividing the indoor space into zones (zoning). However, most previous zoning methods are based on modelers’ experiences or empirical knowledge. Flow field details will be lost if the zoning is too coarse; while the computational load will be high if the zoning is too fine, especially for large-scale spaces. Therefore, this paper proposes an optimal zoning method for large-scale spaces to compromise the model accuracy and computational efficiency. In this method, air velocity and temperature differences before and after the zoning were used as indicators for accuracy. An improved particle swarm optimization method was adopted to obtain optimal Pareto solutions; and the technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) method was implemented to minimize the number of zones for enhancing computational efficiency. A large high-speed railway station was used as an example to verify the proposed optimal zoning method. The accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed non-uniform zoning method were compared with a conventional zoning method and a uniform zoning method. Compared with the conventional zoning method, the proposed method reduced the number of zones by 96.2%; while critical temperature distributions and airflow patterns were well preserved. Compared with the uniform zoning method with the same number of zones, the proposed method improved the accuracy by 45.2% at most and 18.5% on average. Applicability analysis was also carried out to show that the proposed zoning method was reliable.

Research Area(s)

  • Building environment, Large-scale space, Multi-objective optimization, Zonal model, Zoning method

Citation Format(s)

Optimal zoning for building zonal model of large-scale indoor space. / Lan, Bo; Yu, Zhun (Jerry); Zhou, Pei et al.
In: Building and Environment, Vol. 225, 109669, 11.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review