Optimal shape control of functionally graded smart plates using genetic algorithms

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-253
Journal / PublicationComputational Mechanics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


This paper deals with optimal shape control of functionally graded smart plate containing patches of piezoelectric sensors and actuators. The genetic algorithm (GA) is designed to search for optimal actuator voltage and displacement control gains for the shape control of the functionally graded material (FGM) plates. The work extends the earlier finite element formulations of the two leading authors, so that it can be readily treated using genetic algorithms. Numerical results have been obtained to study the effect of the shape control of the FGM plates under a temperature gradient by optimising (i) the voltage distribution for the open loop control, and (ii) the displacement control gain values for the closed loop feedback control. The effect of the constituent volume fractions of zirconia, through varying the volume fraction exponent n, on the optimal voltages and gain values has also been examined.

Research Area(s)

  • FGM smart plates, Finite element method, Genetic algorithms, Optimal shape control, Piezoeletric sensors and actuators