Optical force and torque on small particles induced by polarization singularities

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16489-16498
Journal / PublicationOptics Express
Issue number10
Online published28 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2022



Optical forces in the near fields have important applications in on-chip optical manipulations of small particles and molecules. Here, we report a study of optical force and torque on small particles induced by the optical polarization singularities of a gold cylinder. We show that the scattering of the cylinder generates both electric and magnetic C lines (i.e., lines of polarization singularities) in the near fields. The intrinsic spin density of the C lines can induce complex optical torque on a dielectric/magnetic particle, and the near-field evolutions of the C lines are accompanied by a gradient force on the particle. The force and torque manifest dramatic spatial variations, providing rich degrees of freedom for near-field optical manipulations. The study, for the first time to our knowledge, uncovers the effect of optical polarization singularities on light-induced force and torque on small particles. The results contribute to the understanding of chiral light-matter interactions and can find applications in on-chip optical manipulations and optical sensing.

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