Online dissolved methane and total dissolved sulfide measurement in sewers

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yiwen Liu
  • Keshab R. Sharma
  • Markus Fluggen
  • Kelly O'Halloran
  • Sudhir Murthy

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-118
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume68
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Recent studies using short-term manual sampling of sewage followed by off-line laboratory gas chromatography (GC) measurement have shown that a substantial amount of dissolved methane is produced in sewer systems. However, only limited data has been acquired to date due to the low frequency and short span of this method, which cannot capture the dynamic variations of in-sewer dissolved methane concentrations. In this study, a newly developed online measuring device was used to monitor dissolved methane concentrations at the end of a rising main sewer network, over two periods of three weeks each, in summer and early winter, respectively. This device uses an online gas-phase methane sensor to measure methane under equilibrium conditions after being stripped from the sewage. The data are then converted to liquid-phase methane concentrations according to Henry's Law. The detection limit and range are suitable for sewer application and can be adjusted by varying the ratio of liquid-to-gas phase volume settings. The measurement presented good linearity (R2>0.95) during field application, when compared to off-line measurements. The overall data set showed a wide variation in dissolved methane concentration of 5-15mg/L in summer and 3.5-12mg/L in winter, resulting in a significant average daily production of 24.6 and 19.0kg-CH4/d, respectively, from the network with a daily average sewage flow of 2840m3/day. The dissolved methane concentration demonstrated a clear diurnal pattern coinciding with flow and sulfide fluctuation, implying a relationship with the wastewater hydraulic retention time (HRT). The total dissolved sulfide (TDS) concentration in sewers can be determined simultaneously with the same principle. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Emission, GHG, Methane, Online, Sensor, Sewer

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Online dissolved methane and total dissolved sulfide measurement in sewers. / Liu, Yiwen; Sharma, Keshab R.; Fluggen, Markus et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 68, 01.01.2015, p. 109-118.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review