One-Step Fabrication of Unique Mesoporous NiO Hollow Sphere Film on FTO for High-Performance P-Type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

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Author(s)

  • Hong Bin Yang
  • Si Yun Khoo
  • Lin Nan Zhu
  • Chun Xian Guo
  • Yong Qiang Dong
  • Chang Ming Li

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1300110
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Volume1
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

P-type dye sensitized solar cells (p-DSCs) deliver much lower overall efficiency than their inverse model, n-DSCs. However, they have fundamental and practical significance, in particular, their tandem structured solar cells with both p- and n-photoelectrodes could offer great potential to significantly improve the efficiency of existing solar cells. A facile and environmentally friendly method is developed to directly one-step grow hollow NiO spherical structures on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate, in which a Ni<sup>2+</sup> and polymer complex spherical structure is self-constructed through a controlled solvent evaporation process, followed by calcination-converting to a unique NiO hollow sphere film. The prepared material is further used as a photocathode in p-type dye sensitized solar cells, resulting in 41% increase of an open-circuit voltage and 18% enhancement of power conversion efficiency than NiO nanoparticles photocathode. The improved performance can be ascribed to suppressed charge recombination at the photocathode/electrolyte interface. This template-free approach could be universally used to fabricate other nanostructured hollow spheres for a wide range of energy conversion applications such as electrochemical capacitors, chemical sensors, and electrochromic devices. Hollow NiO spherical structures on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrates are fabricated in a facile and environmentally friendly method. This template-free approach could be universally used to fabricate other nanostructured hollow spheres for a wide range of energy conversion applications such as electrochemical capacitors, chemical sensors, and electrochromic devices. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Research Area(s)

  • charge recombination, dye-sensitized solar cells, hollow sphere, nickle oxide, photoelectrodes

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