One-dimensional interfacial area transport of vertical upward bubbly flow in narrow rectangular channel

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-82
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


The design and safety analysis for miniature heat exchangers, the cooling system of high performance microelectronics, research nuclear reactors, fusion reactors and the cooling system of the spallation neutron source targets requires the knowledge of the gas-liquid two-phase flow in a narrow rectangular channel. In this study, flow measurements of vertical upward air-water flows in a narrow rectangular channel with the gap of 0.993. mm and the width of 40.0. mm were performed at seven axial locations by using the imaging processing technique. The local frictional pressure loss gradients were also measured by a differential pressure cell. In the experiment, the superficial liquid velocity and the void fraction ranged from 0.214. m/s to 2.08. m/s and from 3.92% to 42.6%, respectively. The developing two-phase flow was characterized by the significant axial changes of the local flow parameters due to the bubble coalescence and breakup in the tested flow conditions. The existing two-phase frictional multiplier correlations such as Chisholm (1967), Mishima et al. (1993) and Lee and Lee (2001) were verified to give a good prediction for the measured two-phase frictional multiplier. The predictions of the drift-flux model with the rectangular channel distribution parameter correlation of Ishii (1977) and several existing drift velocity correlations of Ishii (1977), Hibiki and Ishii (2003) and Jones and Zuber (1979) agreed well with the measured void fractions and gas velocities. The interfacial area concentration (IAC) model of Hibiki and Ishii (2002) was modified by taking the channel width as the system length scale and the modified IAC model could predict the IAC and Sauter mean diameter acceptably. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Bubbly flow, Cap-bubbly flow, Drift-flux model, Interfacial area concentration, Mini channel, Narrow rectangular channel, Slug flow, Two-phase frictional pressure loss, Void fraction

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