On the validity of microscopic calculations of double-quantum-dot spin qubits based on Fock-Darwin states

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Original languageEnglish
Article number040313
Journal / PublicationScience China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy
Issue number4
Online published25 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018


We consider two typical approximations that are used in the microscopic calculations of double-quantum dot spin qubits, namely, the Heitler-London (HL) and the Hund-Mulliken (HM) approximations, which use linear combinations of Fock-Darwin states to approximate the two-electron states under the double-well confinement potential. We compared these results to a case in which the solution to a one-dimensional Schrödinger equation was exactly known and found that typical microscopic calculations based on Fock-Darwin states substantially underestimate the value of the exchange interaction, which is the key parameter that controls the quantum dot spin qubits. This underestimation originates from the lack of tunneling of Fock-Darwin states, which is accurate only in the case with a single potential well. Our results suggest that the accuracies of the current two-dimensional molecular- orbit-theoretical calculations based on Fock-Darwin states should be revisited since underestimation could only deteriorate in dimensions that are higher than one.

Research Area(s)

  • double quantum dots, exchange interaction, spin qubits