On the offset distance of rotational piezoelectric energy harvesters

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number119676
Journal / PublicationEnergy
Online published20 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


The performance of vibration-based energy harvesters deteriorates when used in rotational environments with an offset distance. To address this issue, we propose a method of using magnets to improve the performance of the high-efficiency compressive-mode piezoelectric energy harvester (HC-PEH) with the offset configuration in rotational environments. The performance of the magnetically coupled rotational HC-PEH system with offset distances is experimentally studied. The results show the proposed method is feasible and significantly improves the performance (peak-peak voltage) by 254.2%. To attain comprehensive insight into the electromechanical behaviors of the system, we develop a theoretical model with consideration of nonlinear stiffness, nonlinear damping, and nonlinear piezoelectricity. The governing equations of the system are obtained by using Hamilton's principle and their approximate analytical solution is derived via the harmonic balance method. The simulation results closely render the experimental data and are used to characterize the system. Based on the developed theoretical model, a parametric study is performed and the results indicate that the best performance improvement can be obtained via tuning the parameters related to the magnetic force, the centrifugal force, and the initial deformation of the elastic beams. This work helps overcome a major obstacle for the application of rotational energy harvesting.

Research Area(s)

  • Energy harvesting, Flex-tensional transducer, Harmonic balance method, Piezoelectric, Rotor dynamics