Numerical fracture investigation of single-edge notched asphalt concrete beam based on random heterogeneous FEM model

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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  • Guocui Teng
  • Chuanfeng Zheng
  • Xiangyin Chen
  • Yimo Zhu
  • Chao Shan

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Original languageEnglish
Article number124581
Journal / PublicationConstruction and Building Materials
Online published26 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2021


A finite element simulation of a single-edge notched beam was performed to investigate the crack characteristics of asphalt concrete during the fracture process at different low temperatures. A novel algorithmic technique was proposed for random heterogeneous modeling considering the aggregate gradation and void of AC-13. The fracture constitutive parameter was calibrated using the Kalman filter algorithm combined with image recognition. Moreover, the reliability of the simulation was verified through a comparison with a physical test. The results indicate that as the temperature decreased, the crack path became more inclined to the vertical centerline at the mid-span, and the proportion of mode I fracture elements to the total sum of mixed mode I-II fracture elements along the crack path decreased. The equinoxes in the macro unfractured zone near the vertical centerline are approximately the demarcation points between the tensile and compressive stresses, and the tensile, shear, and compressive stresses fluctuate nonlinearly in the vertical direction. At the critical fracture state, the tensile stress distribution along the bottom of the beam appears ‘M’-shaped and exhibits multiple peaks owing to the existence of heterogeneous structures; the tensile stress reaches the maximum value at 30 ± 3 mm from the two sides to the vertical centerline. The velocity of crack propagation in the mastic increases as the temperature decreases. Cracks incubated inside the aggregate penetrate through the aggregate accompanied with the secondary fissures more rapidly than propagate in mastic. In addition, the connected microcracks appear wedge-shaped in the mastic and fan-shaped in the aggregate.

Research Area(s)

  • Asphalt concrete, Crack characteristic, Heterogeneous FEM model, Kalman filter, Low temperature, Single-edge notched beam, Stress distribution

Citation Format(s)