Numerical and experimental study on temperature control of solar panels with form-stable paraffin/expanded graphite composite PCM

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Zigeng Luo
  • Zhaowen Huang
  • Ning Xie
  • Xuenong Gao
  • Yutang Fang
  • Zhengguo Zhang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-423
Journal / PublicationEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume149
Online published25 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Abstract

Performance of photovoltaic (PV) panels is greatly affected by its operating temperature. And traditional active and passive cooling methods usually suffer from the disadvantages of external energy consumption, uneven temperature distribution and low thermal conductivity of phase change materials (PCMs). In this work, a PV-PCM system was developed to control the temperature of a PV panel by applying high thermal conductive form-stable paraffin (ZDJN-28)/EG composite PCM. The temperature, output voltage and power of a conventional PV panel and the PV-PCM panel were measured and compared. A numerical simulation model established by CFD software FLUENT was used to simulate the temperature change process of the PV-PCM panel with different material densities under the same conditions as experiment. The experiment results showed that compared with the temperature of the conventional PV panel, the temperature of the PV-PCM panel is kept below 50 °C for 200 min extended by 146 min with output power averagely increased by 7.28% in heating process. Simulated temperatures were in good agreement with experimental temperatures and indicated that the higher the density of the PCM is, the better the temperature management performance the PV panel could achieve. Besides, the PCM with density of 900 kg/m3 was found sufficient to achieve a good temperature management performance when the average ambient temperature below 25 °C with the highest solar irradiation of 901 w/m2. In summary, this work is of great importance in the design of a PV-PCM system for temperature management of PV panels.

Research Area(s)

  • Form-stable paraffin/EG composite PCM, Numerical simulation, PV-PCM system

Citation Format(s)

Numerical and experimental study on temperature control of solar panels with form-stable paraffin/expanded graphite composite PCM. / Luo, Zigeng; Huang, Zhaowen; Xie, Ning; Gao, Xuenong; Xu, Tao; Fang, Yutang; Zhang, Zhengguo.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 149, 01.10.2017, p. 416-423.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal