Novel metal ion surface modification technique
Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62) › 21_Publication in refereed journal
|Journal / Publication||Applied Physics Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
|Link to Scopus||https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0001161685&origin=recordpage|
We describe a method for applying metal ions to the near-surface region of solid materials. The added species can be energetically implanted below the surface or built up as a surface film with an atomically mixed interface with the substrate; the metal ion species can be the same as the substrate species or different from it, and more than one kind of metal species can be applied, either simultaneously or sequentially. Surface structures can be fabricated, including coatings and thin films of single metals, tailored alloys, or metallic multilayers, and they can be implanted or added onto the surface and ion beam mixed. We report two simple demonstrations of the method: implantation of yttrium into a silicon substrate at a mean energy of 70 keV and a dose of 1×1016 atoms/cm2, and the formation of a titanium-yttrium multilayer structure with ion beam mixing to the substrate.