Novel, cobalt-free, and highly active Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5−xSnxO6−Δ cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10308-10316
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

One of the technical hurdles to commercialization of intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) is the requirement of highly efficient cathode materials. Herein, we report the evaluation of Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5−xSnxO6−δ (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5, abbreviated as SFM, SFMS1, SFMS3, and SFS) oxides as cobalt-free cathode materials of IT-SOFCs. XPS analysis demonstrates the presence of variable valences among Fe, Mo and Sn elements, suggesting a small polaron hopping mechanism for electronic conduction. First principle calculations reveal that SFMS3 provides the lowest average formation energy of oxygen vacancy (EvacO*) among these perovskites. The relatively low area specific resistances are obtained with SFMS3 electrode based on La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3−δ electrolytes, indicating its high activity for oxygen reduction reaction. Power density of the single cell using SFMS3 cathode as high as 618 mW cm−2 at 800 °C is achieved, and operation lasts for 200 h without obvious degradation. The encouraging results promise SFMS3 as an alternative cathode material for IT-SOFCs. © 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Research Area(s)

  • Cathode materials, Electrochemical performance, First principle calculation, Intermediate temperature, Solid oxide fuel cells

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Novel, cobalt-free, and highly active Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5−xSnxO6−Δ cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. / He, Beibei; Gong, Cheng; Wang, Zhenbin et al.
In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 42, No. 15, 13.04.2017, p. 10308-10316.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review