Notifiable Respiratory Infectious Diseases in China : A Spatial-Temporal Epidemiology Analysis

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Author(s)

  • Ying Mao
  • Rongxin He
  • Bin Zhu
  • Jinlin Liu
  • Ning Zhang

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number2301
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number7
Online published29 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

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Abstract

Nowadays, tuberculosis, scarlet fever, measles, influenza, and mumps are five major notifiable respiratory infectious diseases (RIDs) in China. The objective of this study was to describe, visualize, and compare the spatial-temporal distributions of these five RIDs from 2006 to 2016. In addition to descriptive epidemiology analysis, seasonality and spatial autocorrelation analysis were also applied to explore the epidemiologic trends and spatial changing patterns of the five RIDs, respectively. The results indicated that the incidence of tuberculosis, measles, and mumps presented a downtrend trend, while those of scarlet fever and influenza was in a strong uptrend across the research period. The incidences of the five diseases all peaked in spring. There were significant spatial disparities in the distribution of tuberculosis, scarlet fever, and measles cases, with the hotspots mainly located in the western plateau region, northern plain region, and southern mountainous region. To conclude, notable epidemiological differences were observed across regions, indicating that some provincial units should pay more attention to prevent and control respiratory infectious diseases.

Research Area(s)

  • influenza, measles, Moran’s I, mumps, respiratory infectious diseases, scarlet fever, seasonality analysis, spatiotemporal epidemiology, tuberculosis

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