Nonleaching Antibacterial Concept Demonstrated by In Situ Construction of 2D Nanoflakes on Magnesium

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Wenjuan Jiang
  • Lingxia Xie
  • Qing Liao
  • Liangsheng Hu
  • Qingdong Ruan
  • Mengting Liu
  • Liping Tong
  • Huaiyu Wang
  • Jie Zhuang
  • Guosong Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902089
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Science
Volume7
Issue number1
Online published30 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2020

Abstract

In bone implants, antibacterial biomaterials with nonleaching surfaces are superior to ones based on abrupt release because systemic side effects arising from the latter can be avoided. In this work, a nonleaching antibacterial concept is demonstrated by fabricating 2D nanoflakes in situ on magnesium (Mg). Different from the conventional antibacterial mechanisms that depend on Mg2+ release and pH increase, the nanoflakes exert mechanical tension onto the bacteria membranes to destroy microorganisms on contact and produce intracellular stress via physical interactions, which is also revealed by computational simulations. Moreover, the nanoflake layer decelerates the corrosion process resulting in mitigated Mg2+ release, weaker alkalinity in the vicinity, and less hydrogen evolution, in turn inducing less inflammatory reactions and ensuring the biocompatibility as confirmed by the in vivo study. In this way, bacteria are killed by a mechanical process causing very little side effects. This work provides information and insights pertaining to the design of multifunctional biomaterials.

Research Area(s)

  • antibacterial, magnesium, nanoflake, nonleaching

Citation Format(s)

Nonleaching Antibacterial Concept Demonstrated by In Situ Construction of 2D Nanoflakes on Magnesium. / Wang, Guomin; Jiang, Wenjuan; Mo, Shi; Xie, Lingxia; Liao, Qing; Hu, Liangsheng; Ruan, Qingdong; Tang, Kaiwei; Mehrjou, Babak; Liu, Mengting; Tong, Liping; Wang, Huaiyu; Zhuang, Jie; Wu, Guosong; Chu, Paul K.

In: Advanced Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1902089, 08.01.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal