Noninvasive fMRI Investigation of Interaural Level Difference Processing in the Rat Auditory Subcortex

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Jevin W. Zhang
  • Joe S. Cheng
  • Iris Y. Zhou
  • Matthew M. Cheung
  • Ed X. Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere70706
Journal / PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Objective:Interaural level difference (ILD) is the difference in sound pressure level (SPL) between the two ears and is one of the key physical cues used by the auditory system in sound localization. Our current understanding of ILD encoding has come primarily from invasive studies of individual structures, which have implicated subcortical structures such as the cochlear nucleus (CN), superior olivary complex (SOC), lateral lemniscus (LL), and inferior colliculus (IC). Noninvasive brain imaging enables studying ILD processing in multiple structures simultaneously.Methods:In this study, blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is used for the first time to measure changes in the hemodynamic responses in the adult Sprague-Dawley rat subcortex during binaural stimulation with different ILDs.Results and Significance:Consistent responses are observed in the CN, SOC, LL, and IC in both hemispheres. Voxel-by-voxel analysis of the change of the response amplitude with ILD indicates statistically significant ILD dependence in dorsal LL, IC, and a region containing parts of the SOC and LL. For all three regions, the larger amplitude response is located in the hemisphere contralateral from the higher SPL stimulus. These findings are supported by region of interest analysis. fMRI shows that ILD dependence occurs in both hemispheres and multiple subcortical levels of the auditory system. This study is the first step towards future studies examining subcortical binaural processing and sound localization in animal models of hearing. © 2013 Lau et al.

Citation Format(s)

Noninvasive fMRI Investigation of Interaural Level Difference Processing in the Rat Auditory Subcortex. / Lau, Condon; Zhang, Jevin W.; Cheng, Joe S.; Zhou, Iris Y.; Cheung, Matthew M.; Wu, Ed X.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 8, No. 8, e70706, 05.08.2013.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal