Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube-encapsulated nickel nanoparticles assembled on graphene for efficient CO2 electroreduction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Tingting Wang
  • Jian Yang
  • Jiayi Chen
  • Qinggang He
  • Zhongjian Li
  • Lecheng Lei
  • Jianguo Lu
  • Bin Yang
  • Yang Hou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-1442
Journal / PublicationChinese Chemical Letters
Volume31
Issue number6
Online published5 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Abstract

Exploring 3D hybrid nanocarbons encapsulated with metal nanoparticles (NPs) are recently considered as emerging catalysts for boosting CO2 electroreduction reaction (CRR) under practical and economic limits. Herein, we report a one-step pyrolysis strategy for fabricating N-doped carbon nanotube (CNT)-encapsulated Ni NPs assembled on the surface of graphene (N/NiNPs@CNT/G) to efficiently convert CO2 into CO. In such 3D hybrid, the particle size of Ni NPs that coated by five graphitic carbon layers is less than 100 nm, and the amount of N dopants introduced into graphene with countable CNTs is determined to 7.27 at%. Thanks to unique CNT-encapsulated Ni NPs structure and N dopants, the achieved N/NiNPs@CNT/G hybrid displays an exceptional CRR activity with a high Faradaic efficiency of 97.7% and large CO partial current density of 7.9 mA/cm2 at −0.7 V, which outperforms those reported metallic NPs loaded carbon based CRR electrocatalysts. Further, a low Tafel slope of 134 mV/dec, a turnover frequency of 387.3 CO/h at −0.9 V, and tiny performance losses during long-term CRR operation are observed on N/NiNPs@CNT/G. Experimental observations illustrate that the Ni NPs encapsulated by carbon layers along with N dopants are of great importance in the conversion of CO2 into CO with high current density.

Research Area(s)

  • 3D hybrid, CO2 electroreduction, Graphene nanosheets, N dopants, Ni nanoparticles

Citation Format(s)

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube-encapsulated nickel nanoparticles assembled on graphene for efficient CO2 electroreduction. / Wang, Tingting; Yang, Jian; Chen, Jiayi; He, Qinggang; Li, Zhongjian; Lei, Lecheng; Lu, Jianguo; Leung, Michael K.H.; Yang, Bin; Hou, Yang.

In: Chinese Chemical Letters, Vol. 31, No. 6, 06.2020, p. 1438-1442.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review