Nickel release behavior and surface characteristics of porous NiTi shape memory alloy modified by different chemical processes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Shuilin Wu
  • Xiangmei Liu
  • Y. L. Chan
  • Chenglin Chu
  • Kelvin W. K. Yeung
  • W. W. Lu
  • Kenneth M. C. Cheung
  • K. D K Luk

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
Journal / PublicationJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume89
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Abstract

As a non-line-of-sight surface modification technique, chemical treatment is an effective method to treat porous NiTi with complex surface morphologies and large exposed areas due to its liquidity and low temperature. In the work described here, three different chemical processes are used to treat porous NiTi alloys. Our results show that H2O2 treatment, NaOH treatment, and H2O2 pre-treatment plus subsequent NaOH treatment can mitigate leaching of nickel from the alloy. The porous NiTi samples modified by the two latter processes favor deposition of a layer composed of Ca and P due to the formation of bioactive Na2TiO 3 on the surface. Among the three processes, H2O 2 pre-treatment plus subsequent NaOH modification is the most effective in suppressing nickel release. Small area X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that the surfaces treated by different chemical processes have different structures and compositions. The sample modified by the H 2O2 treatment is composed of rough TiO2 on the outer surface and an oxide transition layer underneath whereas the sample treated by NaOH comprises a surface layer of titanium oxide and Na 2TiO3 together with a transition layer. The sample processed by the H2O2 and NaOH treatment has a pure Na2TiO3 layer on the surface and a transition layer underneath. These results help to elucidate the different nickel release behavior and bioactivity of porous NiTi alloys processed by different methods. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Chemical treatment, Nickel release, Porous NiTi shape memory alloy, Surface modification, XPS

Citation Format(s)

Nickel release behavior and surface characteristics of porous NiTi shape memory alloy modified by different chemical processes. / Wu, Shuilin; Liu, Xiangmei; Chan, Y. L.; Chu, Paul K.; Chung, C. Y.; Chu, Chenglin; Yeung, Kelvin W. K.; Lu, W. W.; Cheung, Kenneth M. C.; Luk, K. D K.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, Vol. 89, No. 2, 05.2009, p. 483-489.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review