N-functionalized Ti2B MBene as high-performance anode materials for sodium-ion batteries : A DFT study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number153927
Journal / PublicationApplied Surface Science
Online published10 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2022


Exploring the electrode materials for rechargeable metal-ion batteries other than lithium is a key link to the design and development of the next-generation energy storage device. Herein, the structural stabilities of B, C, and N functionalized Ti2B were systematically discussed and the potential of the stable structure Ti2BN2 as anode materials for Li-, Na-, K-, Mg-, Ca- and Zn-ion batteries was further studied using first-principles calculations. Specifically, phonon dispersion curves and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations identified the dynamic and thermal stability of Ti2BN2. The intrinsic metallic nature and non-magnetism of Ti2BN2 were then revealed by the band structure and density of state. Moreover, benefiting from the light weight and energetically favorable bilayer Na adsorption, Ti2BN2 exhibits a high theoretical capacity of 797 mA h g−1 for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), which shows great advantage than most two-dimensional anode materials. Besides, the low diffusion barrier of 0.34 eV and suitable open circuit voltage of 0.27 V further illustrate Ti2BN2 is a competitive candidate for anode material of SIBs. Our work not only revealed a high-capacity electrode material of SIBs but also promoted the research of N-functionalized MBenes.

Research Area(s)

  • First-principles, High theoretical capacity, MBenes, Sodium-ion batteries