New Luminescent Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Diimine Complexes as Biological Labeling Reagents

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Chi-Keung Chung
  • Terence Kwok-Ming Lee
  • Lok-Hei Lui
  • Keith Hing-Kit Tsang
  • Nianyong Zhu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6886-6897
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Volume42
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2003

Abstract

We report the synthesis, characterization, and photophysical and electrochemical properties of thirty luminescent cyclometalated iridium(III) diimine complexes [Ir(N-C)2(N-N)](PF6) (HN-C = 2-phenylpyridine, Hppy; 2-(4-methylphenyl)pyridine, Hmppy; 3-methyl-1-phenylpyrazole, Hmppz; 7,8-benzoquinoline, Hbzq; 2-phenylquinoline, Hpq; N-N = 4-amino-2,2′-bipyridine, bpy-NH2; 4-isothiocyanato-2,2′-bipyridine, bpy-ITC; 4-iodoacetamido-2,2′ -bipyridine, bpy-IAA; 5-amino-1, 10-phenanthroline, phen-NH2; 5-isothiocyanato-1,10-phenanthroline, phen-ITC; 5-iodoacetamido-1, 10-phenanthroline, phen-IAA). The X-ray crystal structure of [Ir(mppz) 2(bpy-NH2)](PF6) has also been investigated. Upon irradiation, all the complexes display intense and long-lived luminescence under ambient conditions and in 77-K glass. On the basis of the photophysical and electrochemical data, the emission of most of these complexes is assigned to an excited state of predominantly triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (3MLCT) (dπ(Ir) → π*(N-N)) character. In some cases, triplet intraligand (3IL) (π → π*)(N-N or N-C -) excited states have also been identified. In view of the specific reactivity of the isothiocyanate and iodoacetamide moieties toward the primary amine and sulfhydryl groups, respectively, we have labeled various biological molecules with a selection of these luminescent iridium(III) complexes. The photophysical properties of the luminescent conjugates have been investigated. In addition, a heterogeneous assay for digoxin has also been designed on the basis of the recognition of biotinylated antidigoxin by avidin labeled with one of the luminescent iridium(III) complexes.

Citation Format(s)

New Luminescent Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Diimine Complexes as Biological Labeling Reagents. / Lo, Kenneth Kam-Wing; Chung, Chi-Keung; Lee, Terence Kwok-Ming; Lui, Lok-Hei; Tsang, Keith Hing-Kit; Zhu, Nianyong.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 42, No. 21, 20.10.2003, p. 6886-6897.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review