Neuronal Oscillatory Signatures in the Developing Mouse Visual Cortex After Short-Term Monocular Deprivation

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2657-2667
Number of pages11
Journal / PublicationCerebral Cortex
Issue number12
Online published19 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2022



Development and maturation in cortical networks depend on neuronal activity. For stabilization and pruning of connections, synchronized oscillations play a crucial role. A fundamental mechanism that enables coordinated activity during brain functioning is formed of synchronized neuronal oscillations in low- (delta and theta) and high- (gamma) frequency bands. The relationship between neural synchrony, cognition, and the perceptual process has been widely studied, but any possible role of neural synchrony in amblyopia has been less explored. We hypothesized that monocular deprivation (MD) during early postnatal life would lead to changes in neuronal activity that would be demonstrated by changes in phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) and altered power in specific oscillatory frequency. Our results demonstrate that functional connectivity in the visual cortex is altered by MD during adolescence. The amplitude of high-frequency oscillations is modulated by the phase of low-frequency oscillations. Demonstration of enhanced delta–gamma and theta–gamma PAC indicates that our results are relevant for a broad range of nested oscillatory markers. These markers are inherent to neuronal processing and are consistent with the hypothesized increase in the intrinsic coupling that arises from neural oscillatory phase alignment. Our results reveal distinct frequency bands exhibit altered power and coherence variations modulated by experience-driven plasticity.

Research Area(s)

  • experience-dependent plasticity, critical period (CP), cortical plasticity, neuronal oscillations, phase-amplitude coupling (PAC)

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