Natural gum-based electronic ink with water-proofing self-healing and easy-cleaning properties for directly on-skin electronics

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Article number114547
Journal / PublicationBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Online published8 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2022


On-skin electronic systems, which can facilitate noninvasive continuous acquisition of low-artifact physiological signals, are a promising technique for future wearable devices in healthcare. Inspired by the nature of Arabic gum (AG), we developed a costless, easy-to-prepare, easy-to-use, and environment-friendly electronic ink (E-ink) that can be used to construct multiform on-skin electronic systems through simple painting or stamping. In addition to its competitive electrical properties, the E-ink has the following advantages: waterproof (0.5 m/s water flushing for 10 s), self-healing (1.5 mm wide wound), and easy-cleaning (can be easily removed using cotton ball with 5% surfactant), making it environmentally tolerant and highly reliable for practical use. We demonstrated that our E-ink can act as electric wires for epidermal circuits, sensors to handle a variety of physiological data measurements. This research provides an effective strategy for direct integration of electronics and skin, which can accelerate the realization of the next generation of imperceptible, scalable, cost-effective and customized wearable devices.

Research Area(s)

  • Electronic ink, Multifunctional, On-skin electronics, Self-healing