Nanotube boiler : Attogram copper evaporation driven by electric current, Joule heating, charge, and ionization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Xinyong Tao
  • Mustapha Hamdi
  • Li Zhang
  • Xiaobin Zhang
  • Antoine Ferreira
  • Bradley J. Nelson

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number5153352
Pages (from-to)565-568
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Volume8
Issue number5
Online published30 Jun 2009
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Controlled copper evaporation at attogram level from individual carbon nanotube (CNT) vessels, which we call nanotube boilers, is investigated experimentally and theoretically. We compared the evaporation modes induced by electric current, Joule heating, charge, and ionization in these CNT boilers, which can serve as sources for mass transport and deposition in nanofluidic systems. Experiments and molecular dynamics simulations show that the most effective method for evaporation is by positively ionizing the encapsulated copper; therefore, an electrostatic field can be used to guide the flow.

Research Area(s)

  • Carbon nanotube, Nanoboiler, Nanofluidics, Nanorobotic manipulation, Transmission electron microscope

Citation Format(s)

Nanotube boiler : Attogram copper evaporation driven by electric current, Joule heating, charge, and ionization. / Dong, Lixin; Tao, Xinyong; Hamdi, Mustapha; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Xiaobin; Ferreira, Antoine; Nelson, Bradley J.

In: IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Vol. 8, No. 5, 5153352, 09.2009, p. 565-568.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review