Multiparametric MRI-Based Radiomic Signature for Preoperative Evaluation of Overall Survival in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma After Partial Hepatectomy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yang Yang
  • Xianlun Zou
  • Wei Zhou
  • Guanjie Yuan
  • Daoyu Hu
  • Dong Kuang
  • Yaqi Shen
  • Qingguo Xie
  • Xuemei Hu
  • Zhen Li

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
Journal / PublicationJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Online published20 Jan 2022
Publication statusOnline published - 20 Jan 2022

Abstract

Background: The clinical outcomes of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after partial hepatectomy remain suboptimal. Identifying patients with poor outcomes before surgery is urgently required. Purpose: To develop a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic signature to evaluate overall survival (OS) preoperatively and to investigate its incremental value for disease stratification. Study Type: Retrospective. Subjects: One hundred and sixty-three patients with pathologically defined ICC, divided into training (N = 115) and validation sets (N = 48). Sequence: Three-dimensional T1-weighted gradient-echo sequence with and without contrast agent, T2-weighted fast spin-echo sequence, and diffusion-weighted imaging with single-shot echo-planar sequence at 1.5 T or 3.0 T. Assessment: OS was defined as the time from the date of surgery to death or last contact. The radiomic signature was built based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression model. A clinicopathologic-radiographic (CPR) model and a combined model integrating radiomic signature with CPR factors were developed with multivariable Cox regression models. Statistical Tests: Harrell's concordance index (C-index) was used to compare the discrimination of different models. Net reclassification index (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were used to quantify the improvement of prognostic accuracy after adding radiomic signature. Results: The high-risk patients of death defined by the radiomic signature showed significantly lower OS compared with low-risk patients in validation set (3-year OS 17.1% vs. 56.4%, P < 0.001). Integrating radiomic signature into tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) staging system significantly improved the prognostic accuracy compared with TNM stage alone (validation set C-index 0.745 vs. 0.649, P = 0.039, NRI improvement 39.9%–43.8%, IDI improvement 16.1%–19.4%). The radiomic signature showed no significant difference of C-index with postoperative CPR model (validation set, 0.698 vs. 0.674, P = 0.752). Incorporating the radiomic signature into CPR model significantly improved prognostic accuracy (NRI improvement 32.5%–34.3%, IDI improvement 8.1%–12.9%). Data Conclusion: Multiparametric MRI-based radiomic signature is a potential biomarker for preoperative prognostic evaluation of ICC patients. Level of Evidence: 4. Technical Efficacy: Stage 4.

Citation Format(s)

Multiparametric MRI-Based Radiomic Signature for Preoperative Evaluation of Overall Survival in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma After Partial Hepatectomy. / Yang, Yang; Zou, Xianlun; Zhou, Wei; Yuan, Guanjie; Hu, Daoyu; Kuang, Dong; Shen, Yaqi; Xie, Qingguo; Zhang, Qingpeng; Hu, Xuemei; Li, Zhen.

In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 20.01.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review