Multidimensional outcome expectations for exercise among older women and men

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A78
Journal / PublicationResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume83
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2012

Abstract

Background/Purpose . Compared with self-efficacy for exercise (SEE), outcome expectations for exercise (OEE) predict physical activity (PA) less consistently in the literature. The inconsistency may be attributed to the single-dimensional approach in assessing OEE and the characteristics of certain sub-groups including age and gender. Thus, this study examined the effects of physical, social, and self-evaluative OEE on PA between older women and men. Method . Participants were 267 Chinese adults aged 60 or older (Mean=76.06, SD=6.96, 78% women), recruited from community centers. Adults with substantial cognitive and physical impairments were excluded from this study. Participants were asked to respond to questions on OEE, SEE, and PA participation in face-to-face interviews. Analysis/Results . The mean levels of physical, social, and self-evaluative OEE were not different by gender. Controlling for demographic factors, and levels of cognitive and physical impairments, regression analysis showed that the effects of physical and social OEE on PA were moderated by gender (β=-.35, p