Movement compatibility for rotary control and circular display - Computer Simulated Test and real Hardware Test

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Journal / PublicationApplied Ergonomics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003


This experiment studied strength and reversibility of direction-of-motion stereotypes and response times for different configurations of circular displays and rotary knobs. The effect of pointer position, instruction of turn direction, and control plane on movement compatibility was analyzed with precise quantitative measures of strength and reversibility index of stereotype. A comparison of results was made between a Computer Simulated Test and a Hardware Test with real rotary controls. There was consensus in the results of the two tests that strong and significantly reversible clockwise-for-clockwise (CC) and anticlockwise-for-anticlockwise (AA) stereotypes were obtained at the 12 o'clock position. Subjects' response times were found to be generally longer when there were no clear movement stereotypes. Nevertheless, differences of results were observed that while the CC and AA preferences were found to be dominant and reversible at all the planes and pointer positions in the Hardware Test, there was variation in the strength and reversibility of the two stereotypes amongst different testing configurations in the Simulated Test. This phenomenon was explained by the operating of the clockwise-for-right and anticlockwise-for-left principles, as shown in the analysis of contributions of component principles to the overall stereotype. The differences of results from the two tests were discussed with regard to simulation fidelity and it was suggested that a real Hardware Test should be used whenever possible for determination of design parameters of control panels in consideration of movement compatibility. Based on the Hardware Test, a pointer is recommended to be positioned at 12 o'clock position for check reading or resetting purpose, and the frontal plane is the best plane for positioning a rotary control with circular display. The results of this study provided significant implications for the industrial design of control panels used in man-machine interfaces for improved human performance. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Circular display, Hardware Test, Movement compatibility, Rotary knob, Stereotype reversibility