Monolithic Hierarchical Carbon Assemblies Embedded with Mesoporous NaTi2(PO4)3 Nanocrystals for Flexible High-Performance Sodium Anodes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-336
Journal / PublicationElectrochimica Acta
Online published22 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2017


Monolithic hierarchical porous carbon assemblies embedded with mesoporous NaTi2(PO4)3 nanocrystals suitable for flexible anodes in sodium ion batteries (SIBs) are prepared by modified vacuum filtration and annealing. The fabrication involves two-step hetero-assembly induced by electrostatic interactions. In the hierarchical porous carbon assembly, the ultrathin amorphous carbon layers connect the mesoporous NaTi2(PO4)3 nanocrystals with the 3D interconnected carbon networks of reduced graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes. Owing to the synergistic effects rendered by the mesoporous nanocrystals and hierarchical porous carbon networks, the unique monolithic assembly provides continuous 3D pathways for electron/ion conduction and enhances the structural stability during repetitive Na insertion/extraction. As a flexible anode in SIBs, it delivers outstanding room-temperature electrochemical performance with high reversible capacity (125 mAhg−1 at 1 C), long cycling life (82% capacity retention after 5,000 cycles at 10 C), as well as high rate capability (73 mAhg−1 at 30 C). The flexible monolithic anode which exhibits high Coulombic efficiency and reversible capacity at 0 °C and 50 °C has large potential in flexible high-performance SIBs.

Research Area(s)

  • Carbon nanotubes, Graphene, Hetero-assembly, Mesoporous nanocrystals, Monolithic, Sodium-ion batteries

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