Mono- versus Dinuclear Pt(II) 6-(5-Trifluoromethyl-Pyrazol-3-yl)-2, 2'-Bipyridine Complexes : Synthesis, Characterization, and Remarkable Difference in Luminescent Properties

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Kang-Wei Wang
  • Jing-Lin Chen
  • Yi-Ming Cheng
  • Min-Wen Chung
  • Cheng-Chih Hsieh
  • Gene-Hsiang Lee
  • Pi-Tai Chou
  • Kellen Chen

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372-1383
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number4
Online published15 Jan 2010
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A series of charge-neutralmononuclear Pt(II) complexes Pt(fpbpy)(pz) (3a), Pt(fpbpy)(dmpz) (4a), Pt(fpbpy)(dbpz) (5a), and Pt(fpbpy)(dtfpz) (6a), fpbpyH = 6-(5-trifluoromethyl-pyrazol-3-yl)-2, 2'-bipyridine, pzH = pyrazole, dmpzH = 3, 5-dimethylpyrazole, dbpzH=3, 5-di-tert-butylpyrazole, and dtfpzH=3, 5-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole, and the cationic Pt(II) dimer [{Pt(fpbpy)}2(μ-pz)]+ (3b), [{Pt(fpbpy)}2(μ-dmpz)]+ (4b), and [{Pt(fpbpy)}2(μ-dbpz)]+ (5b) were synthesized. Series a mononuclear complexes reveal two distinctive ligand arrangements. As unveiled by X-ray crystallography, 3a exhibits a nearly perfect planar geometry, while structural determination on 6a shows a perpendicular arrangement of dbpz ligand due to steric congestion. In sharp contrast, the dinuclear complexes, exemplified by 4b and 5b, display an intramolecular Pt···Pt separation of 3.601 and 3.403 Å, respectively. As for photophysical properties, the structural variation leads to a salient difference in emission features between 3a (580 nm) and 6a (510 nm). The results are rationalized by the contribution of ligand-to-ligand charge transfer and intraligand π-π* transition for 3a and 6a in the lowestlying excited state, respectively. On the other hand, dinuclear complexes 3b and 4b reveal dual phosphorescence (denoted as P1 and P2 bands), for which the shortwavelength emission (the P1 band) is akin to that observed for the intraligand π-π* transition of 6a, while the much red-shifted, broad emission (the P2 band) is attributed to the formation of intramolecular ligand-metal-to-metal charge transfer excimer transition. Further studies of relaxation dynamics on both 3b and 4b showed fast excited-state equilibrium between the P1 and P2 bands. In contrast, only the P2 emission band was resolved for 5b, indicating its exergonic excimer formation. Supplementary support of the excited-state thermodynamics is also provided by time-dependent density functional theory calculations, incorporating both geometry optimized S0 and T1 states.

Citation Format(s)

Mono- versus Dinuclear Pt(II) 6-(5-Trifluoromethyl-Pyrazol-3-yl)-2, 2'-Bipyridine Complexes : Synthesis, Characterization, and Remarkable Difference in Luminescent Properties. / Wang, Kang-Wei; Chen, Jing-Lin; Cheng, Yi-Ming; Chung, Min-Wen; Hsieh, Cheng-Chih; Lee, Gene-Hsiang; Chou, Pi-Tai; Chen, Kellen; Chi, Yun.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 49, No. 4, 15.02.2010, p. 1372-1383.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review