Molecular-level insights into the reactivity of siloxane-based electrolytes at a lithium-metal anode

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Rajeev S. Assary
  • Jun Lu
  • Xiangyi Luo
  • Xiaoyi Zhang
  • Huiming Wu
  • Hassan M. Albishri
  • D. Abd El-Hady
  • A. S. Al-Bogami
  • Larry A. Curtiss
  • Khalil Amine

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2083
Journal / PublicationChemPhysChem
Volume15
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A molecular-level understanding of the reactions that occur at the lithium-metal anode/electrolyte interphase is essential to improve the performance of Li-O<sub>2</sub> batteries. Experimental and computational techniques are applied to explore the reactivity of tri(ethylene glycol)-substituted trimethylsilane (1NM3), a siloxane-based ether electrolyte, at the lithium-metal anode. In situ/ex situ X-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy studies provide evidence of the formation of lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonates at the anode upon gradual degradation of the metallic lithium anode and the solvent molecules in the presence of oxygen. Density functional calculations performed to obtain a mechanistic understanding of the reductive decomposition of 1NM3 indicate that the decomposition does not require any apparent barrier to produce lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonates when the reduced 1NM3 solvent molecules interact with the oxygen crossing over from the cathode. This study indicates that degradation may be more significant in the case of the 1NM3 solvent, compared to linear ethers such as tetraglyme or dioxalone, because of its relatively high electron affinity. Also, both protection of the lithium metal and prevention of oxygen crossover to the anode are essential for minimizing electrolyte and anode decomposition. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Research Area(s)

  • anodes, batteries, electrolytes, molecular-level studies, siloxane

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Molecular-level insights into the reactivity of siloxane-based electrolytes at a lithium-metal anode. / Assary, Rajeev S.; Lu, Jun; Luo, Xiangyi et al.
In: ChemPhysChem, Vol. 15, No. 10, 21.07.2014, p. 2077-2083.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review